Understanding Birth Control And Its Side Effects

The number of women using different methods of birth control has increased in the last three decades. Today, a woman has a completely different social role.  She is educated, more career oriented, aware of sexually transmitted diseases and does not want to take the risk of early pregnancy. Most women want to be sure about their partners before experiencing motherhood.

With many types of birth control methods hitting the market in recent years, women are opting for birth control without giving much thought to birth control and its side effects. Birth control methods have their own advantages and associated health risks. Other than condoms and diaphragms, most of the birth control methods leave side-effects.

The Birth Control Pill And Its Side Effects

Most women opt for contraceptive pills as it gives them total control over the situation. With the pill, they need not depend on the co-operation of their sexual mate. The contraceptive pill is considered to be highly effective. It contains hormones that control the functioning of the ovaries and the uterus.  Along with preventing unwanted pregnancies, contraceptive pills have other benefits such as relief from premenstrual syndrome, ectopic pregnancy, benign breast cysts/lumps and ovarian and endometrial cancer.

Use of Birth control pills can cause side effects. Some women experience bleeding and spotting in between their menstrual periods.  A few have reported mood swings, increased blood pressure, breast tenderness, weight gain, nausea, and diarrhea. The side-effects do not affect every woman who is taking the pill and they do not last long. The effectiveness of the contraceptive pill is reduced when taken along with sedatives and antibiotics. It is not safe for women who are at high risk for breast, uterine or liver cancers to use the pill. It is also not safe for women with health problems like blood clots, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and liver disease. Women should avoid the pill if they are above 35 years of age or if they are habitual smokers. Smoking increases the risk of blood clots.

Birth Control Shots And Their Side Effects
Women who do not want to deal with birth control methods everyday opt for birth control shots. The birth control shot is an injection of progesterone which prevents pregnancy for a period of three months. The shot works by preventing ovulation and thickening the cervical mucus which blocks the sperm.

Some women experience side effects with the shot. Irregular bleeding can take place in the first six to twelve months of starting the shot. Some women stop having periods with prolonged use of birth control shots. Some complain of longer and heavier periods. More side effects like changes in appetite, weight gain, headache, breast pain, nausea, and depression have also been reported. However, these birth control and its side effects are not common and do not occur often.

It is best to know more about birth control side effects before deciding to try out a method of birth control. To know more about the side effects of birth control methods like contraceptive pills and birth control shots, please visit www.birth-control-side-effects.org.

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